Mauritias culture is an eclectic mix of the descendants of Europeans colonizers, African slaves and Indian labourers. The island's culinary styles, which can be attributed to its distinct heritage, are exquisite. Mauritius is a favourite among cooking shows, with specials covering the island's food.Discovered by the Portugese, claimed by the Dutch, the French and finally the British.Tourists head for the island's trendy beaches, where swimming and surfing are are world famous when it comes to Mauritius. Mauritius has heavily promoted its aquatic attractions, enjoying the marine world, such as under sea walks. Rising mountains make for gorgeous scenery and excellent hiking. Though Mauritius is hardly a role model for good environmental treatment, the Royal Botanical Gardens offer a delightful glimpse of the diverse flora.Many people visiting Mauritius go here just to enjoy the wonderful climate at one of the beaches. Mauritius boasts a high density of very exclusive hotels and is more affordable than for example the Seychelles or Maldives. White sanded palm fringed beaches and excellent diving and snorkelling all belong to the possibilities here.
Mauritius was uninhabited until being permanently settled by European explorers in the 1600s.The Portuguese sailors first visited it in 1507 and established a visiting base leaving the island uninhabited.
Mauritius , just like its neighbour Reunion, is part of the Mascarene Islands. These islands were formed in a series of undersea volcanic eruptions 8-10 million years ago, as the African plate drifted over the Réunion hotspot. Unlike Reunion though,Mauritius and the smaller ones are not volcanically active anymore. The island of Mauritius itself is formed around a central plateau, with its highest peak in the southwest, Piton de la Petite Riviere Noire at 828 metres above sea level.
Mauritius has 9 districts Black River, Flacq, Grand Port, Moka, Pamplemousses, Plaines Wilhems, Port Louis, Riviere du Rempart, Savanne.
Rodrigues an island 560 kilometres north-east of Mauritius.
Agalega two small islands about 933 kilometres north of Mauritius.
Cargados Carajos Shoals also known as the Saint Brandon islands, about 402 kilometres north of Mauritius.
Port Louis is the modern capital of Mauritius and Mahebourg is the old colonial capital. Apart from this the other cities are Beau Bassin, Curepipe, Phoenix, Quatre. Bornes , RoseHill and Vacoas
Black River Gorges National Park
The Black River Gorges National Park is a spectacularly wild expanse of thick forest which covers a total of 3.5% of the total surface of the island. The park is home to over 300 species of plants and nine species of bird which are endemic on Mauritius. These include the pink pigeon which is staging a comeback after almost being extinct. Others include the Mauritius kestrel, pink pigeon, echo parakeet and Mauritius cuckoo-shrike.
Le Morne Cultural Landscape
Le Morne Cultural Landscape is one of the newest sites on the Unesco World Heritage List. It mainly consists of a rugged mountain on the edge of the Indian Ocean in the southwest of Mauritius. It was used as a shelter by runaway slaves through the 18th and early years of the 19th centuries. Here, they wre protected by the mountain’s isolated, wooded and almost inaccessible cliffs.
Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam Botanical Garden
The Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam Botanical Garden(SSR Botanical Garden), commonly known as the Pamplemousses Botanical Garden, is located near Port Louis, and is the oldest botanical garden in the Southern Hemisphere. The garden dates back to 1770 when Pierre Poivre designed it, and covers an area of around 37 hectares. It is home to an incredible variety of tropical plants, many of them indigenous.
Crocodile & Giant Tortoises Park and Nature Reserve
The Crocodile & Giant Tortoises Park and Nature Reserve is home to various species of animals, reptiles, birds, butterflies and plants. The park is located in the south of Mauritius and is set in a beautiful rain forested valley with natural freshwater springs, full of prawns and fish.
The Aquarium, located in a small relaxing village in the northwest of Mauritius, is home to a large number of species including over 200 species of fish, invertebrates, live coral and sponges, originating from the waters around the island.During your visit you will get to see the Crown squirrelfish and the Devil Firefish as well as a number of sharks.
The Cerfs Island Tour is a day full of fun and relaxation on a true paradise island. As part of this tour you will visit: Trou d'Eau Douce , Ile aux Cerfs and the Grand River South East waterfalls.This amazing paradise island is the perfect setting for a relaxing day of sun worship.
Aapravasi Ghat is also on the Unesco List, near Port Louis.
Lion Mountain is a hike near Vieux Grand Port.
Tamarin Falls is great hike and refreshing waterfall afterwards.
Macabee Bel Ombre Nature Preserve.
Domaine du Chasseur Nature Preserve.
L'Aventure du Sucre is a museum about sugar factories on Mauritius, near Port Louis.
Festivals in Mauritius
Due to a large mix of Diverse Nationalities , you will find a lot of world wide festivals coming together in Mauritius.From India to China to Middle eastern to French Festivals.
Chinese Spring Festival
12th of March National Day Independence Day is celebrated with great national pride all the way across Mauritius.
Pere Laval pilgrimage Every 9th of September, Mauritians of all faiths walk or drive to Sainte-Croix near Port Louis to visit the tomb of the Blessed Jacques
Mauritius has a tropical oceanic climate with moderately high temperatures and humidity throughout the year. Temperatures during the day are warm.Tropical cyclones occasionally strike the island or pass near enough to give very heavy rainfall and violent damaging winds.