Travelling across the world and seeing those wild animals roaming freely across the African plains or swimming in the oceans is on most traveller's list. A trip to particular wildlife can show travellers the blending of wildlife with their everyday life in the jungles.Thus making a combined trip with culture and nature a possibility.
Kafue National Park, Western Zambia
Kafue National Park is the largest national park in Zambia, and the second largest in Africa, with an area of 22,400 square kilometers and is located in the central west of the country. There are over 50 different species of mammal to be seen here and hundreds of species of birds. The Kafue River is the central heart of the park, and is of importance especially during the dry season when water is more scarce.The Zambian flooded grasslands in the north of the park is one of the highlights of the park, with many species like antelopes and along with them many predators, like lion and leopard.
Kruger National Park, Northeast of South Africa
The Kruger National Park is located in the northeast of South Africa and has recently been joined by parks in Mozambique and Zimbabwe to form a huge peace park. Kruger is one of the most biodiverse national parks in South African and in fact in the whole of Africa. Huge varieties are reported amongst the mammals as well as birds, plants and even fish. No less than 147 different mammals exist here and tens of thousands of buffalos and zebras roam the park. Other animals easily spotted are elephants, crocodiles, hippos, giraffes, several species of antelope and predators like lions and the somehow more elusive leopard. Cheetahs, African wild dogs (only 250) and black rhinos are all preasant as well, but numbers are more limited.
Madikwe Game Reserve, North West Province, South Africa
The Madikwe Game Reserve is an off beaten track park in the central north of the country. In the north the border of the park forms the border with Botswana. Despite the fact that it might not be known to the general public, it is the 5th largest park in South Africa and is regarded as one of the better conservation areas in Africa. It offers all the major species, including lion, leopard, elephant, buffalo, both white and black rhino (Big Five) along with almost all the regular antelope species on these plains.
Mountain Gorillas, Central Africa
Although this is not about only one park, the special place that Mountain Gorillas deserve to prevent them from extinction, is good enough to list several of the parks where you can see them. In Rwanda there is the Volcanoes National Park, in Uganda the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park and in the Democratic Republic of Congothere are the Virunga National Park and Kahuzi-Biéga National Park, although the latter is seldom visited due to the unstable position of the country.
Ngorongoro Crater, Northern Tanzania
The Ngorongoro Crater with its steep walls of 610 metres has become a natural enclosure for a very wide variety of wildlife, including most of the species found in East Africa, except the giraffe. Aside from herds of zebra, gazelle and wildebeest, the crater is home to the big five of black rhinoceros, lion, leopard, elephant and buffalo, and is often an excellent chance to see wildlife.
Okavango Delta, northwest of Botswana
The Okavango Delta is the world's biggest inland delta and is located in the nortwest of Botswana. The Okavango river does not have an outlet into the sea and instead it ends in the middle of the Kalahari desert where it floods an area as big as 15,000 square kilometres. The floodings starts in the north at the end of the year (December) and hits the south about 5 or 6 months later in May.Crocodiles and hippos roam the waters and elephants, zebras and giraffes are here in huge numbers.
Pilanesberg National Park, North West Province, South Africa
The relatively small Pilanesberg National Park (around 580 square kilometres) is located just a few hours of driving northwest from Johannesburg and Pretoria near Sun City and despite the fact that it is small, there are huge numbers of animals.The park is centred around a crater of a long extinct volcano and Pilanesberg is one of the largest volcanic complexes of its kind in the world, with rare rock types and structures making it a unique geological landmark. The park has enormous numbers of both birds and mammals. Lions, elephants, white and black rhinos, buffaloes, leopards, zebras, hyenas, giraffes, hippos and crocodiles are all present, but not in the numbers you would find in Kruger National Park.
Serengeti/Masai Mara, Northern Tanzania, southern Kenya
Serengeti National Park is Tanzania's oldest and most popular national park and equals South Africa's Kruger as one of the best and famous parks in the world to see huge numbers of wildlife. The Serengeti is famed for its annual migration, when some millions of zebras and wildebeests migrate across the open plains searching for fresh food and water. The Serengeti is as you'd expected and African safari to be, with savanne landscapes as far as the eye can see. Across the border in Kenya is the Masai Mara, probably just as familiar and because in fact together they form one ecosystem, both are mentioned here. The migration of animals does not take any notice of national borders and when the rains hit Kenya, so do the wildebeest, antelopes and zebras. As a consequence, predators are better spotted as there is more prey in certain places at certain times. It is very difficult though to predict the pattern exactly as it all depends on when and where the rain falls.
South Luangwa National Park, Eastern Zambia
The South Luangwa National Park is 9,050 square kilometres big and is located in the east of Zambia, towards the border with Malawi and is one of the finest parks in Africa with high densities regarding animals, especially around the central river. The park is one of the pioneers regarding walking safaris and nothing beats standing eye to eye with an elephants or lion, of course at a safe distance. There are around 60 different species of mammal, and over 400 species of birds, making it one of the most diversified parks in Africa as well.
Bandhavgarh National Park, Madhya Pradesh, India
Bandhavgarh National Park is number one when it comes down to spotting tigers in the world. It is located in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. Although it's just over 400 square kilometres big, it boasts the highest tiger density in the world, with an estimated 55 Bengal tigers in the park, of which an estimated 22 tigers are located in the core area of the park. Apart from tigers, there are also quite a few leopards, but these are less common sights as they tend to move around at night, while tigers also move around during the early cool mornings or late during the afternoon. Other species to see are hundreds of spotted deer (chital) and sambar, the largest antelope species in India. Barking deer, wild boar and numerous species of birds (of prey) are other animals commonly seen.
Danum Valley Conservation Area,82 kilometres west of Lahad Datu, Sabah,Malaysia
The Danum Valley Conservation Area, a must see spot for all nature lovers, is a 438 km² protected area of virgin rainforest in the eastern part of Sabah, Malaysia. Within this area it is possible to see a wide variety of Borneo's world famous plant and wildlife, including orangutans, clouded leopards, Sumatran rhinos, mouse deer, gibbons, and Borneo pygmy elephants. Over 270 bird species have been recorded in the Valley.
Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh, India
Kanha National Park is a huge and beautiful park in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. With about 940 square kilometres it is one of the biggest national parks in the country and prime tiger area.The park is home to an estimated 100 tigers.There are also leopards, wild dogs and sloth bears although these are less common sights. Barking deer, sambar and spotted deer are quite common though, and the park is also home to the swamp deer, one of the rarest animal on the planet. Kanha National Park, the only place in the world where they can be seen in the wild. More species to see include mongoose, jackal and numerous species of birds.
Royal Chitwan NP, Central Nepal, west of the capital Kathmandu
The Royal Chitwan National Park was established in 1973 and contains 932 square kilometersitage with a diversity of ecosystems-including the Churia hills, Ox-bow lakes, and the flood plains of the Rapti, Reu and Narayani Rivers.It is located west of Kathmandu at the foot of the Himalayas and is one of the few remaining undisturbed vestiges of the 'Terai' region, which formerly extended over the foothills of India and Nepal. It has a high biodiversity which makes this park unique in Nepal and wildlife includes one of the last populations of single-horned Asiatic rhinoceros and several dozens of Bengal tiger, although the last one is a matter of pure luck to see this elusive big cat. It is placed on the Unesco World Heritage List.
Sepilok Orangutan Rehabilitation Centre, 25 kilometres west of Sandakan, Sabah,Malaysia
The world-renowned Sepilok Orangutan Rehabilitation Centre was set up in 1964 to rescue and rehabilitate orphaned baby orang-utans from logging sites, plantations and illegal hunting.These orang-utans are taken care of, brought up, and trained to survive in the wild. They will be released into the wild once they are ready.Located within the Kabili-Sepilok Forest Reserve, the centre also educates the public on conservation, and conducts research on other endangered species such as the rhinoceros. The sanctuary is one of the top tourist attractions in Sabah.
Tabin Wildlife Reserve, 50 kilometres northeast of Lahad Datu, Sabah, Malaysia
The Tabin Wildlife Reserve consists of 120,500 hectares of diverse rainforest located on the eastern coast of Sabah near Lahad Datu. Tabin Wildlife Reserve is a dedicated breeding ground for wildlife and birdlife, including the Sumatran Rhino and the Borneo pygmy elephant. The reserve was the winner of "The Most Promising Attraction 2003" given by the Malaysia Tourism Awards.
Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, in the Rocky Mountains, USA.
Yellowstone National Park is one of the most famous parks in the world.This park is also famous for being the home to countless wildlife species. This includes large herds of bison, one of the few places in North America were they live still in the wild. There also many other animals like wolves, grizzles, lynxes, elks, pronghorns, and moose. Some animals are very easy to spot from a car while others live very deep in the park and would take lots of time and energy to find.
Great Barrier Reef, Off the northeastern coast of Australia
The Great Barrier Reef is the largest coral reef system in the world. It's no surprise that it is also one of Australia's most popular natural attractions. It is located off the coast of Queensland in northeastern Australia and stretches for some 2,600 kilometres, comprising 3,000 individual reefs and 900 islands. A large section of the reef falls within the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, which was set up to protect it from the negative impacts of overfishing and tourism. Climate change forms a major threat to the reef with rising water temperatures causing mass coral bleaching.
Amazona, South America, Brazil has the largerst part
The Amazon Rainforest contains over half of the rainforest in the world and is by far the largest rainforest with about 7 million square kilometres. Although the Amazone contains hundreds of rivers, the Amazon River itself is the most important one and arguably the longest in the world (the Nile claims the same) with about 6,600 kilometres. Althouh wildlife here is generally much harder to spot compared to the Galapagos Islands and the Pantanal, the Amazone contains of the most biodiverse ecosystems in the world with tens of thousands of species of flora and fauna. Sloths, anacondas, dolphins, monkeys, birds, butterflies, insects (the most annoying animals probably), fish like the piranha and elusive predators like the jaguar and puma all reside here, but seeing some of them is a matter of pure luck.
Galapagos, Pacific Ocean, 1,000 kilometres west of Ecuador
The Galapagos Islands is one of the best places to experience the sight of some rare and endangered species of animals. Some animals are so strange you wouldn't have thought they were actually alive and because they are generally extremely timid you can watch them all up close, both above as well as under water. Most of the animals here are considered megafauna. Megafauna defines animals which live in a small environment devoid of major predators and as a consequence have become larger and extremely specialized, filling a different niche.
Pantanal, Southwest of Brazil and parts of Bolivia and Paraguay
The Pantanal is the world's largest continuous wetland with a total area of more than 200,000 square kilometres.It is one of the best places in the New World to watch wildlife as a wide range of mammals, birds, reptiles, butterflies and other sorts of creatures can easily be seen in their natural habitat. One of the most striking animals is the capibara, the world's biggest rodent which can grow as big as small pig occasionally. You will definately see lots of caimans and dozens of sorts of (aquatic) birds as well. The blue hyacint macaw is one of the biggest sorts in the world you can encounter here. Anacondas and giant river otters live in the rivers as well, but you need a little bit of luck to see them. Biggers animals include the tapir and predators like the jaguar.
Peninsula Valdez, Central Atlanctic coastline of Argentina
The Peninsula Valdes is a large natural paradise with signficant numbers of mainly marine animals. It is located along the Atlantic coastline of Argentina in the Viedma department, northeast of Chubut province. Most of the peninsula is barren land with low lying salt lakes, even up to 40 metres below sea level. It was declared a Unesco World Heritage Site in 1999. Animals include sea lions, elephant seals, fur seals, souther right whales, orcas and mainly guanacos and maras on the central parts of the peninsula itself.