Alaska is the land of extreme limit of settled land beyond which lies wilderness and is thousands and thousands of miles away from the tropical Hawaii which is also a state of USA.Alaska is the coldest state of the US and a visit from October to April is not really recommended because of the cold and miserable conditions.Even if It is possible you have to come prepared to extreme. Winter in Alaska ,temperatures can drop to below -50 degree.Summers are short but surprisingly warm with temperatures around 20 degree.Nights are still cool though, so make sure to bring warm clothes even in summer.Alaska is the largest state in the USA with twice the size of Texas.
Alaska has a longer coastline than all the other U.S. states combined and The capital city is Juneau.The state is bordered by the Yukon Territory and British Columbia in Canada, the Gulf of Alaska and the Pacific Ocean to the south, the Bering Sea, Bering Strait, and Chukchi Sea to the west and the Arctic Ocean to the north. Alaska's territorial waters touch Russia's territorial waters in the Bering Strait, as the Russian Big Diomede Island and Alaskan Little Diomede Island are only 5 kilometres apart.Alaska is home to 3.5 million lakes.Frozen water, in the form of glacier ice, covers most of land.The Bering Glacier complex near the southeastern border with Yukon, Canada, covers the rest.The island chain extending west from the southern tip of the Alaska Peninsula is called the Aleutian Islands. Many active volcanoes are found in the Aleutians near Mount Spurr.Anchorage is Alaska's largest city.Juneau is the state capital.Fairbanks is located in the central part, the gateway to Denali.Wasilla,Kodiak and Nome are some other cities.
Places To See In Alaska
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge is a huge National Wildlife Refuge on the Alaskan North Slope, which covers a huge part of Alaska and is Officially protected by the Federal Government.Interestingly there are few small villages within the refuge. On the northern edge there is the Inupiat village and on the southern border is the Gwich'in village of Arctic Village. A popular hiking route is to walk the historic trail between the two villages that will allow trekkers to see all the different ecosystems of the refuge ranging from boreal, interior forest, to Arctic Ocean coast.
Denali National Park
Denali National Park and Preserve is a park located in the central part of Alaska. The park is named after the Denali mountain, the local name for Mount McKinley, the highest mountain in the United States. The park has pure nature and wilderness, with loads of trekking opportunities and wildlife as well.In winter, dogsleds form the main mode of transport.
Katmai National Park
Katmai National Park is a park in southern Alaska,well known for its Alaskan brown bears.The park includes as many as 18 individual volcanoes, seven of which have been active since 1900. Bears are everywhere in Katmai.Katmai offer huge bear viewing opportunities.
Mount McKinley is the highest mountain in North America and is situated in the central part of Alaska. It's the showpiece of the Denali National Park, one of the most popular national parks in Alaska.While Mount McKinley is not as high as the ones in the Himalaya or even Andes Mountains, it's a very tough climb. Only about half of the expeditions made it to the top and over 100 lives have been taken by it. It is a technical climb but the main drawbacks are the cold weather at the top and the lack of oxygen.For non-climbers, the view of the mountain when there is clear weather in Denali National Park is fantastic already, especially in late winter and early spring when most of the mountain is still covered in snow and conditions are good with blue skies and less rain.
Few Other Parks Which You Don't Wanna Miss
Wrangell St. Elias National Park
While Wrangell-St. Elias is truly a wilderness park, there are great opportunities for alpine hiking.
For unique hiking in Alaska, visit the McCarthy Kennicott area.Experience the thrill of Alaska wilderness whitewater rafting on the glacier-fed Kennicott River in the largest National Park in the United States.The Kennicott and McCarthy Alaska area is great for mountain biking there are plenty of old mining roads to explore, with little or no traffic.
Kobuk Valley National Park
Glacier Bay National Park
Gates of the Arctic National Park
Kenai Fjords National Park
Lake Clark National Park