A land of geographic icons, historic adventures and monumental landscapes, Nepal sits in the shadow of Everest and shines with myriad treasures. National parks hiding rare wildlife, vibrant cities filled with art and culture and simple villages preserving an ancient way of life make Nepal a constant source of inspiration for curious globetrotters in search of enlightening experiences. Nepal should top any outdoor traveller’s list of places to visit. Its white-water is unparalleled, there are hundreds of miles of single-track and it is home to some of the most famous mountains in the world.
Nepal falls in the temperate zone north of the Tropic of Cancer. The country can be divided into three main geographical regions: Himalayan region, mid hill region and Terai region. The highest point in the country is Mt. Everest (8,848 m) while the lowest point is in the Terai plains of Kechana Kalan in Jhapa (60 m).
Nepal offers a really wide range of options for travel. It is a better idea to divide the country into broad regions to help plan the trip better. Here is one way of breaking up the trip into smaller sections.
Kathmandu Valley comprises the three ancient cities of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur. The three cities house seven UNESCO World Heritage shrines which are together listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site (Culture). The valley is also home to hundreds of other exquisite monuments, sculptures, artistic temples and magnificent art – reminders of the golden era in Nepal’s architecture.
Kathmandu, the largest city of Nepal, is the political as well as cultural capital of the country. The grandeur of the past enchants the visitor whose gaze may linger on an exquisitely carved wooden window frame, an 18th century bronze sculpture or the spiritually uplifting stupas.