Historical Sites in India – Bagalkot and Vijapura

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(Photo from: https://yadhumooray.wordpress.com/tag/badami-chalukyas/)

Bagalkot and Vijapura offer an interesting mix of really amazing architecture. In Aihole, Badami and Pattadakal, one can experience the heady days of the past where lot of experiments were carried out in the field of temple construction and architecture. The Chalukyas combined the North Indian and the South Indian style of architecture to come up with a unique style which came to recognised as the Chalukyan style.

In Vijapura the Adil Shahi dynasty build ornate tombs and mosque in the classic Indo-Islamic architecture. The architect and the builders of the Gol Gumbaz must have had a deep understanding of acoustics in order to design and build such an amazing monument.

The monuments listed here are mandatory on any history buff’s travel list.



(Photo from: https://www.flickr.com/photos/karnataka_tourism/6753937339)

Aihole is situated on the banks of the Malaprabha River in the Bagalkot district of Karnataka. Once the capital of the early Chalukyan dynasty (6th to 8th centuries), Aihole is a picturesque village on the banks of the Malaprabha river. Variously called Ayyavole and Aryapura in the inscriptions, Aihole is historically famous as the cradle of Hindu temple architecture. There are about 125 temples divided into 22 groups scattered all over the villages and nearby fields. Most of these temples were built between the 6th & 8th centuries and some even earlier.

A large number of prehistoric sites have been found in Morera Angadigalu, near the Meguti hillocks in Aihole. Excavations near some temples have yielded traces of antique pottery and bases of structures constructed with bricks of pre-Chalukyan times.

In Aihole, the artists seem to have experimented with different styles of temple building.  There are more than a hundred temples scattered about the town, representing various styles and different eras. The earliest works were rock cut shrines. The artisans slowly evolved a Chalukyan style, blending ideas from all the neighbouring regions.