Wild India – Arunachal Pradesh

article by
mahesh

(Photo from: http://www.sanctuariesindia.com/states/wildlife-sanctuaries-in-arunachal-pradesh/)

A diverse topography with dramatic changes in altitude, make Arunachal Pradesh one of the most unique geographical zones in India. The climatic conditions dependent on the altitude provide for a very diverse ecological environment. This shift in climatic conditions across the state has given rise to a rich and diverse wildlife population.

There are eight Wildlife Sanctuaries, one Orchid Sanctuary and two National Parks in state of Arunachal Pradesh covering an area of 9,488 square kilometres. Arunachal Pradesh is perhaps the only State which has four major cats, i.e. tiger, leopard, clouded leopard and snow leopard.

Here is a list of wild life sanctuaries and national parks of this state.

 

Mouling National Park

(Photo from: http://www.indian-travel-places.com/listings/mouling-national-park-arunachal-pradesh-india/)

Location: Mouling National Park is a located in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh, spread primarily over the Upper Siang district and parts of the West Siang and East Siang district. It was the second National park to be created in the state, after Namdapha National Park in 1972.

Attractions: The Park is named after the nearby Mouling peak. Mouling is an Adi word which means red poison or red blood, which is believed to be red latex from a tree species found locally. The area is thought to have a large number of poisonous snakes. The genetic and ecological features of the Mouling National Park are one of the unique and classic example of wide bio-diversity and its balance in the natural forests of eastern Himalayas.

The abrupt juxtaposition of so many different biotopes or life zone ranging from 3064 metres to 5000 metres is the transit zone between tropical to cold and it is favourable and ideal condition for the varieties of plant and animal growth. The richness and varieties of flora and fauna is perhaps unequal on the earth. Such characteristic genetic and ecological diversity is a very rare phenomenon.

The Park is famous for its Red Pandas, Deer, Hoolock Gibbons and Tigers. The other fauna in the park are wild bison, puma, elephant, and swine dear, yapping deer and python. Additionally the place is popular with different types of birds seen here. 114 bird species under 38 distinctive families have been recorded in the park.

Best Time to Visit: November to April

Things to do: Bird watching, trekking, hiking and angling at river Siyom.

 

Namdapha National Park

(Photo from: http://www.sanctuariesindia.com/namdapha-national-park/)

Location: Namdapha National Park is located in Changlang District of Arunachal Pradesh. It is 186 km away from Dibrugarh. Namdapha National Park is the largest protected area in Northeast India. This park is also called as Namdapha Tiger Reserve.

Attractions: Namdapha National Park was established in the year 1974. It is known as the third largest National Park in India in terms of coverage area. Namdapha National Park is geographically located between the Dapha Bum range of the Mishmi Hills and the Patkai Range with a wide altitudinal range between 200 meters to 4571 meters above sea level in the Eastern Himalayan sub-region.

The Park plays host to four types of big cat species namely snow leopards, clouded leopards, common leopards and tigers. Other varieties of mammals spotted at NNP are dholes, wolves and Asiatic black bears. The Park also has a large number of herbivores represented by elephants, wild boar, forest musk deer, Indian muntjac, hog deer, sambar, gaur, common goral, mainland serow, takin and bharal.

There are around 453 species of birds including quite a few globally endangered species in the Park. The white winged wood duck a rare and endangered species, calls this Park home.

Best Time to Visit: October to April

Things to do: Bird watching, nature trails, safaris

 

Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary

(Photo from: http://www.100vacationspots.com/places-to-visit-in-arunachal-pradesh/)

Location: Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary lies in the foothills of the Eastern Himalaya in the East Kameng District of Arunachal Pradesh. The 862 square kilometres reserve is protected by the Department of Environment and Forest of Arunachal Pradesh.

Attractions: Located amongst the majestic Himalayas, Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary is a peaceful abode surrounded by river from all the three sides, making it an ideal retreat for wild animals. Pakke River lies to its east and Bhareli River surrounds the sanctuary from west and north. A number of small streams and perennial rivers flow past the sanctuary as well.

The forest is filled with wide and colourful varieties of animals and birds. Animals like tiger, leopard, clouded Leopard, jungle cat, wild dog, jackal, Himalayan Black Bear, Binturong and elephant are some of the inhabitants of the sanctuary.

Hornbill, white winged wood duck, Jungle Fowl, Peacock Pheasant, Khaleej Pheasant, Dove, Barbets, Drongo, Serpent eagle and Baaz eagles are some of the birds which call this sanctuary home.

Best Time to Visit: October to April

Things to do: Bird watching, nature trails and jeep safaris.

 

Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary

(Photo from: http://www.sanctuariesindia.com/dihang-dibang-biosphere-reserve/)

Location: Dibang Biosphere Reserve is spread across the West Siang, the Upper Siang and the Dibang valley of the Arunachal Pradesh State. The sanctuary covers an area of 4,149 square kilometres.

Attractions: Dibang valley district has been named after the Dibang River, a tributary of Brahmaputra River. The altitude ranges between 1800 metres to 5000 metres.

The vegetation is of moist temperate and alpine type. The two main categories of vegetation are: the temperate broad leaved forest and the temperate conifer forest.

Snow leopards thrive in proximity to high altitudes whereas clouded leopards are found in lower latitudinal zones. Other carnivores include marbled cat, jungle cat, tiger and panther.

Others like Musk deer, Mishmi takin, Red panda, serow, Blue sheep, Red goral, Gongshan muntjac, Asiatic black bear, Mishmi hills flying giant squirrel, otter, sloth bear and macaque also call the sanctuary home.

Out of the 190 species of avifauna found, Temminck’s Tragopan, Japanese Bush Warbler, Blyth’s Tragopan, Rufus Tailed Babbler and Sclater’s Monal are some of rare ones.

Best Time to Visit: November to May

Things to do: Bird watching, nature trails and safaris.

 

Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary

(Photo from: http://www.sanctuariesindia.com/kamlang-wildlife-sanctuary/)

Location: The Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the south eastern part of the of the Lohit region in Arunachal Pradesh. The park is named after the Kamlang River which flows through it. Established in 1989, it covers an area of 783 square kilometres

Attractions: The Hishmi, Digaru, and Mizo tribal people who reside around the periphery of the sanctuary claim their descent from the King Rukmo of the epic Mahabharata. They believe in a myth of an invisible god known as Suto Phenkhenynon Jamalu.

An important body of water in the sanctuary is the Glow Lake. Located in tropical and sub-tropical climatic zones, the sanctuary is the habitat of the four big cat species of India: tiger, leopard, clouded leopard and snow leopard.

Other notable animal species reported in the park are elephant, leopard cat, wild boar, civet, deer, giant squirrel and flying squirrel. Of the fifteen species of primate found in India, six species are found in the park. These are Capped langur, Rhesus macaque, Stump-tailed macaque, Assam macaque, Hoolock gibbon and Bengal Slow loris.

Best Time to Visit: October to April.

Things to do: Bird watching, nature trails, elephant and jeep safaris.

 

Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary

(Photo from: http://www.sanctuariesindia.com/mehao-wildlife-sanctuary/)

Location: Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary is a 282 square kilometre sanctuary in the Lower Dibang Valley district of Arunachal Pradesh.

Attractions: The sanctuary is made up of four different forest types: Tropical Evergreen Forests, Sub-Tropical & Temperate Forests, Temperate Broad Leave Forest and Temperate Conifer Forest.

The richness and diversity of the flora in the sanctuary supports a wide variety of fauna. The density of vegetation provides food and shelter to the various insects, reptiles, birds and mammals, forming a balanced environment and abode of aesthetic beauty.

Mammal species include leopard cat, spotted linsang, Asiatic wild dog, Malay tree shrew, common otter and slow loris. Birds include goosander, Himalayan pied kingfisher and great pied hornbill. Several poisonous snakes are found including the cobra, king cobra and banded krait.

Best Time to Visit: November to March.

Things to do: Bird watching and nature trails.

 

Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary

(Photo from: http://www.toehold.in/phototours/2013/eaglenest-mar.php)

Location: Eaglenest Sanctuary is located in West Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh. It is approximately 100 kilometres from Doimara, the district Headquarters of West Kameng district.

Attractions: The sanctuary spans an area of 84 square kilometres in West Kameng district. It is covered by tropical to sub-tropical wet evergreen forests and riverine forests along the banks of Kameng River in south to north directions.

Important plant species found in the sanctuary include Elephant nettle, a poisonous plant which is also called as Sessni in Nepali language. Mammal species found in the sanctuary include 15 species of the endangered Capped Langur, Bengal tiger, Asian Elephant, Red Panda, Asiatic Black Bear and the vulnerable, Arunachal Macaque and Gaur.

The sanctuary is also home to 165 species of butterflies including Bhutan Glory, Grey Admiral, Scarce Red-Forester, Dusky Labyrinth, Tiger brown, Jungle-queen, White-edged Bush-Brown and White Owl. Thirteen types of Cuckoo birds as well as many species of Laughing thrush, over two dozen types of Babbler and eight varieties of Woodpecker also call this place home.

Best Time to Visit: November to May for bird watching and May to October to spot butterflies.

Things to do: Bird watching, nature trails and butterfly spotting.

 

Daying Ering Memorial Wildlife Sanctuary

(Photo from: http://www.sanctuariesindia.com/daying-ering-memorial-wildlife-sanctuary/)

Location: Daying Ering Memorial Wildlife Sanctuary is located in East Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh. It is approximately 50 kilometres from East Siang. The sanctuary spans an area of 190 square kilometres.

Attractions: The sanctuary is covered by tropical evergreen forests, semi-evergreen forests and sub-tropical forests and savannah type of grasslands. Tributaries of rivers Siang and Sibiya are flowing through the sanctuary.

Wild Animals found in the sanctuary include both the species of herbivorous and carnivorous animals such as Cheetal, hog deer, sambhar, Nilgai, wild boar, water buffalos, leopard, panther, langur and elephants. Other important wild animals found in the sanctuary are leopard, civet cat, leopard cat, sambar, barking deer, hog deer, rhesus macaque, wild boar, porcupine, stripped squirrel, pangolin and jackal

Best Time to Visit: December to February

Things to do: Bird watching and nature trails.

 

Itanagar Wildlife Sanctuary

(Photo from: http://www.sanctuariesindia.com/itanagar-wildlife-sanctuary/)

Location: Itanagar Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Itanagar town in Arunachal Pradesh. It is approximately 10 kilometres from Itanagar, the capital of Arunachal Pradesh.

Attractions: The sanctuary is bounded by Pam River, Pachin River, Neorichi River and Chingke stream. The sanctuary area is covered by water bodies, marshes, primeval forests and semi-evergreen forests. The Sanctuary spans an area of 140.3 square kilometres.

Some of the important wild animals found in the sanctuary include elephant, barking deer, tiger, leopard and serow. Ornithologists recorded occurrence of different species of birds in the sanctuary area.

Best Time to Visit: October to April

Things to do: Bird watching and nature trails.

 

Sessa Orchid Wildlife Sanctuary

(Photo from: http://www.sanctuariesindia.com/sessa-orchid-sanctuary/)

Location: The sanctuary is located near the Sessa village in West Kameng district. This sanctuary is approximately 30 kilometres away from Sessa and 70 kilometres away from Bomdila, Headquarters of West Kameng district. It spans an area of 100 square kilometres in West Kameng district near Bhalukpong Forest Division of Arunachal Pradesh.

Attractions: Sessa and Eaglenest ridges rise to 3,250 metres and 2,700 metres respectively, which are the first major barriers to the Indian monsoon as it moves north from the plains of Assam.

The sanctuary is covered by deep gorges, valleys, high peaks and rugged terrain. It conjoins Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary to the southwest and it is a part of the Kameng Protected Area Complex, which is an Elephant Reserve in West Kameng district.

Flora of the Sessa Orchid Sanctuary include different species of plants, trees, rare and endangered orchids. Some of the important orchid species discovered by the ORDC include Biermannia jainiana, Cleistoma tricallosum, Dendrobium kentrophyllum, Epipogium sessanum, Eria jengingensis, Eria lohitensis, Gastrodia arunachalenisis and Herminium longilonbatum.

The sanctuary is also home to different species of wild animals and reptiles also. Ornithologists recorded occurrence of Blyth’s tragopan, a vulnerable species of pheasant birds in India, which is also called as the grey-bellied tragopan.

Best Time to Visit: October to April

Things to do: Bird watching, nature trails and orchid tours.

 

Kane Wildlife Sanctuary

(Photo from: http://www.arunachalonline.in/About/Tourism/index.html)

Location: Kane Sanctuary is located in West Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh. It is approximately 143 kilometres from West Siang.

Attractions: Kane Wildlife Sanctuary is geographically situated in the forests spread in West Siang district in Arunachal Pradesh. It is to the south west of West Siang. It spans an area of 55 square kilometres in West Siang district. It is covered by tropical evergreen forests, semi-evergreen forests and sub-tropical forests.

Kane Wildlife Sanctuary is a home for different species of plants, trees, birds and wild animals. Wild Animals found in the sanctuary include wild felines, deer, elephants and Small cats.

Best Time to Visit: October to April.

Things to do: Bird watching and nature trails.

 

Talley Valley Wildlife Sanctuary

(Photo from: http://travelindiatours-indiatourismguide.blogspot.in/2015/02/tale-wildlife-sanctuary-talley-valley.html)

Location: Tale Wildlife Sanctuary is situated about 38 km from Ziro in Lower Subansiri District of Arunachal Pradesh.

Attractions: At the altitude of 2400 metres, Talley is a plateau with dense forest of silver fir trees, pine clad plateau of beautiful grandeur, and a vast wasteland. The area has some of the most important endangered species including the clouded leopard.

A natural botanical garden, this sanctuary extends an area of about 337 square kilometres. Wildlife population include mithun, clouded leopard and Himalayan black bear.

Best Time to Visit: October to April

Things to do: Bird watching and nature trails.

 

Yordi Rabe Supse Wildlife Sanctuary

(Photo from: http://along.arunachalonline.in/city-guide/Tourism-in-Along)

Location: The Yordi Rabe Supse Wildlife Sanctuary is a recently notified and almost unknown wildlife sanctuary located in the West Siang district. It covers an area of over 495 square kilometres. This sanctuary was declared in 1996 but the sanctuary boundary was notified in June 2007.

Attractions: The sanctuary is situated in the mid-altitudes of the Eastern Himalayas, with altitudes ranging from 1500 to 2500 meters. The terrain is rugged and hilly. The sanctuary has a number of animal species including tiger, clouded leopard, Asiatic black bear, serow, goral and snow leopard. There are also birds like Rufous necked Hornbill and chestnut-breasted hill partridge.

Best Time to Visit: March to June

Things to do: Bird watching and nature trails