The state of Kerala, divided into 14 districts has emerged as one of the hottest tourist destination in India over the period of many years.Some call it the Brazil of India with dense Amazona type Jungles. This lush green state lies in a narrow strip of land bounded by the Arabian Sea in the west and by numerous small streams. A long coastline lined with plenty of clean and beautiful beaches, vast stretches of Backwaters, hill stations full of exotic wild life, sprawling tea plantations, traditional art forms and dances, exotic cuisine and the famous “Ayurvedic” treatments have all made Kerala a dream destination for tourists, both domestic and international. Kerala is often referred to as “Gods Own Country” as the region has preserved much of its natural beauty.
The local language spoken here is Malayalam, but the majority of locals can speak communicable English.
“Ayurvedic” treatments have become very popular among the foreign tourists. This is an ancient form of treatment which uses herbs and leaves having curative properties. These herbs are extracted from the forests which are scattered all over Kerala.It is natural way to rejuvenate yourself thereby eliminating all the toxic elements of the body. The monsoon season is considered the best for such therapies.
Kerala lies between the Lakshadweep sea and the Western Ghats. The state has a coastline of about 590 kilometres and geographically, the state can be divided into three climatic regions: rugged and cool mountainous terrain, rolling hills,coastal plains. The eastern region of Kerala consists of high mountains.Anamudi, the highest peak in South India, is at an elevation of 2,695 metres Kerala’s western coastal belt is relatively flat, and is criss-crossed by a network of interconnected brackish canals, lakes, estuaries, and rivers known as the Kerala Backwaters. Lake Vembanad, Kerala’s largest body of water, dominates the Backwaters; it lies between Alappuzha and Kochi.
Cities to Visit while in Kerela are Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum) - The state capital, Alappuzha (Alleppey),Kochi (Cochin),Kollam (Quilon),Kozhikode (Calicut),Kumarakom,Munnar,Thrissur (Trichur),Wayanad,Kottayam,Palakkad,Pathanamthitta.
Tourist Attractions In Kerela
The entire state is so beautiful that you can spend weeks traveling and exploring Kerala.
Beaches - Kerala has a long coastline and it has some of the best beaches of India. Some of the more important beaches are world the famous Kovalam, Varkala, Poovar, Alleppey, Kappad (Historic place where Vasco da Gama landed in 1498), Shanghumughan Beach, Cherai beach etc.
Hill Stations - The lush green mountains of Kerala have a number of hill resorts which are home to many exotic species of wildlife. Most of these hills are covered by tea, coffee and spice plantations which is a visual treat to watch. Some of the important hill resort towns are Munnar, Devikulam, Echo Point, Wayanad, Rajamala, Poonmudi, etc.
Backwaters - Kerala is famous for its backwaters, which are a network of canal, rivers and deltas that drain into the Arabian Sea.The largest stretch of Backwater is the Vembanad Lake and the major towns around which backwater activities occur are Alleppey, Kumarakom and Kollam. An overnight cruise in the traditional ‘House-Boat’ floating the serene backwaters is the dream of any tourist.
Wildlife - Kerala has abundance of species of wildlife due to easy availability of water and vegetation. Some of the famous natural parks are Eravikulam National Park, Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, Silent Valley National Park, Thattekad Bird Sanctuary, Wayanad Muthanga Wild Life Sanctuary and Chinnar Wild life Sanctuary.
Tree Houses - Tree Houses are ethnic houses built on trees high above the ground in the tropical rainforest of Wayanad Sanctuary, which can be reached by a two hours drive fromKozhikode (Calicut) railway station.These days you find them all over kerela.
Events and Festivals
Kerala has a rich cultural heritage and numerous traditional dance forms are popular in this region. Some of the more famous traditional dance forms are Kathakali, Mohiniyattam,Thullal and Oppana. The region is also known for the ancient Martial Arts technique.
The tourism authorities hold regular shows of these dance forms to entertain the tourists. Besides these some of the other events worth watching are the Snake Boat Race during Kerela Biggest Festival ONAM and Elephant Race.
Thrissur Pooram - Thrissur Pooram is one of the largest festivals held annually in state of Kerala.
Kerala has a tropical climate and moderate weather conditions exist throughout the year though the summer months (March to May) can be quite hot. Since Kerala is located on the coast and lush green plantations are present all around the temperature are moderated to some extent. It rains heavily in Kerala during monsoon season (June to August) which keeps tourists away during this period. The best time to visit Kerala is during the winter season (November to February) when the temperature is moderate and there is hardly any rain. Temperatures during the day vary from around 28 °C in July and August to 33 °C in March.
How To Reach Kerela
Kerala has three international airports to cater the requirements of foreign and domestic tourists Cochin,Trivandrum and Kozhikode.
Kerala is well connected by rail network to rest of India. Direct trains are available from important cities of India to all parts of Kerala.
Taxis can be hired for traveling to the state of Kerala from the neighbouring states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka but it is advisable to travel by train or plane instead as the journey is comfortable, efficient and affordable too.
Interstate buses are available from the neighbouring states but the journey can be tiring and time consuming
Food In Kerela
Rice and cassava (Tapioca) form the staple food of Kerala. All main dishes are made with them and served along with Kootan; the side dishes which may be made from vegetables, meat, fish or a mix of all of them. The main dish for lunch and dinner is boiled rice.
Kerala is known as the "land of Spices"Even the Kerala cuisine is known for its spicy and hot foods. Traditionally, in Kerala food is served on a banana leaf. One has to take food with right hand. Almost every dish prepared in Kerala has coconut and spices to flavour the local cuisine giving it a sharp pungency that is heightened with the use of tamarind, while coconut gives it its richness, absorbing some of the tongue-teasing, pepper-hot flavours.