Goa is the smallest state in India and located along the southwestern coastline. A solitary Portuguese outpost in India for almost 500 years, the influence of colonial rule can still be seen everywhere: in the exquisite, crumbling architecture; in the east-meets-west cuisine which combines coconut milk, palm vinegar and chillies.

Palms Trees, white sands and sparkling waters: the three essential elements that attract 2 million visitors annually to Goa’s beautiful shores. Cheap accommodation options (as well as extremely luxurious places) helps make Goa a great place. 

Nowhere else in India will you find the laid-back Goan lunchtime, the easy charms of its people or the soothing serenity of a day on its beaches,a gorgeously spice vindalho (vindaloo) might make your evening and a fiery glass of cashew-palm feni liquor.

But there's far more to discover here than the exquisite pleasure of warm sand between your toes.The bird-filled banks of the state's gentle rivers, poke around centuries-old cathedrals, and venture out to white-water waterfalls.


Panaji is the state's capital, while Vasco da Gama is the largest city. The historic city of Margao still exhibits the influence of Portuguese culture, who first landed in the early 16th century as merchants, and conquered it soon thereafter.

Other cities and towns include

Old Goa
Pernem town
Fort Aguada
Ponda taluka


Food And Drinks. Some shacks arrange special events to attract more customers. The Colva beach located in the south Goa is also called as the white sand beach.

Baga Beach

The Baga Beach located 10 kilometres west of Mapusa and is actually an extension of Calangute beach with clean white sand. Baga is a small but perfect beach located between two famous beaches, Colva and Calangute. 

Like the flea market of Anjuna, Baga has started a Saturday night market, which is quite impressive but somehow lacks the liveliness and splendor of the Anjuna market. The beach also has many beach shacks and beach huts that sell delicious Goan food.

The quiet atmosphere and isolated location of Baga, beside the scenic beauty that surrounds it, Baga beach is very popular with western tourists who love to use it as a base for water sports and fishing in the area.

Baga's nightlife is really good. Most of the travellers end up at Tito's. There are plenty of handicrafts shops around. Here stalls sell all kinds of  clothes, trinkets, exotic delicacies and Goanese Cuisine. Funky haircuts, tarot reading, palmistry, wood carvings are also available. Plus live bands who create a carnival like ambience simply makes the place awsome

Calangute Beach

Calangute Saturday night market was popular but that was for day breakers. Selling and buying of light music under UV lights is quite interesting since it draws hawkers from here, there and every where in the World.


Unlike most of Goa, Arambol has managed to remain true to its hippie roots. It is a beautiful crescent-shaped stretch of beach in the north of the tiny province, popular with backpackers and long term travellers.

The vibe is very laid back, with trance and dance blasting from makeshift bars only at the very peak of the high season (December/January). Before and after this period, the nightlife is mainly composed of hippies drumming in the moonlight and the dancing flames from fire jugglers.There's a real bohemian sense of community here.

Accommodation here is cheap cheap cheap - but you'll need to arrive before mid-November to bag a real bargain. The food in Arambol also helps to make this backpacker bliss, with every kind of cuisine available under the Indian sun. It's just a brilliant place for a backpacker if you're travelling around India and is highly recommended.


Palolem is the southernmost beach in the tiny province of Goa, and a unspoilt beach paradise. The main drag of Palolem beach is no longer unspoilt, but lined instead with western-style bars and restaurants owned by expats that spill down onto the beach.The atmosphere is great, and it's a good place to party for a couple of days.However, if you head further south along the beach, you'll find Patnem, which is a small beach commune-type area for those really hoping to get away from it all, and lots of basic shack accommodation. Many long-term backpackers head for this area, and choose to dip in and out of the bright lights rather than stay in central Palolem.
Markets Must Visit While In Goa

Arpora Night Market

All things bright and beautiful.The place is truly what you call a 'melting pot' of cultures. From multi-coloured hammocks and bikinis to shoes, bags and psychedelic t shirts - you name it, you have it here. There's amazing food on sale as well. From Mexican to Israeli to the organic and the oily and Punjabi, anything your stomach  could possibly digest  is here. Live music and beer flowing like water just adds to the fun.

Anjuna Market 
The famous Anjuna market, known more popularly as the flea market is held on every Wednesday in a grove of coconut palms between the rocky beach of Anjuna and the fallow rice paddies. The concept of flea market was started by the hippies in early 1980s. It is a mad, chaotic world of colours, crowds, shouting, clamor and clatter and all manner of goods from fabrics, ornamental crafts, spices, clothing, local Goanese, Kahmiri and Tibetan handicrafts and Goan trance music.

Calangute Market 
Is only 15 kilometres north from the Goan capital, Panaji. The beach stretches about four miles and is covered with palm trees. The streets of Calangute are packed with shops offering a wide range of goods, metal crafts, leather items, clothes and jewellery, not just from Goa, but from other parts of the country as well. The beach stretch is full of shacks, hawkers selling sarongs or astrologers or fortune-tellers waiting eagerly to read the fortune of the tourists. There is also a Tibetan market in Calangute. Kashmiri merchants also frequent Goa with carpets, embroidery, and other merchandises.

Mapusa Market 
Mapusa, a small town  13 kilometres away from Panaji, has been the market hub of North Goa since ancient times even before proper roads were constructed. Mapusa market is also fondly known as ‘Mapusa Friday Market’ as it takes place every Friday. Goan customers prefer to buy fresh foodstuffs every few days, thus the Mapusa Market has plenty of fresh fish, a variety of locally produced vegetables, and exotic fruits from jackfruit and mangoes to plantain bananas. Pickles and preserves, spices, earthen pots, glass bangles, channa baskets coir mats, and the famous Goan 'chouricos' (ready spiced Goan pork sausages), dried fish and prawns, clothing, junk jewelry, and the famous country liquor are all sold at the most reasonable prices.

Other Sights and Activities

The Bom Jesus Basilica. The Basilica holds the mortal remains of St. Francis Xavier, regarded by many Catholics as the patron saint of Goa.The Velhas Conquistas regions are also known for its Goa-Portuguese style architecture. There are many forts in Goa such as Tiracol, Chapora, Corjuem, Aguada, Gaspar Dias and Cabo de Rama.

In many parts of Goa, mansions constructed in the Indo-Portuguese style architecture still stand, though in some villages, most of them are in a bad condition. Some influences from the Portuguese era are visible in some of Goa's temples, notably the Mangueshi Temple and the Mahalasa Temple, although after 1961, many of these were demolished and reconstructed in the indigenous Indian style.

Goa also has a few museums, the two important ones being Goa State Museum and the Naval Aviation Museum. Admission to the Goa State Museum, which is located in Panjim is free; while admission to the National Aviation Museum, which is located in Vasco is a paid entry. The Aviation museum is the only one of its kind in the whole of India. Also, a place not well known to tourists is the Goa Science Center, which is located in Panjim.

Events and Festivals

Goa organizes many theme events that are extremely popular among the locals as well as the tourists. Some of the main events organized in Goa are:

Feast of the Novena
Procession of the Saints 
Goa Carnival 
Feast of Our Lady of Miracles
Igitun Chalne
Feast of St. Anthony 
Feast of St. Peter and St. Paul 
Feast of St. Lawrence 
Fama de Menino Jesus 
St. Francis Day/Feast of St. Francis Xavier 
Feast of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception 

Christian Festivals in Goa

Feast of Three Kings 
Good Friday or Easter
Sao Joao Festival 
Bonderam Festival 

Hindu Festivals in Goa

Shigmotsav of Holi 
Naag Panchami
Krishna Janmashtami
Ganesh Chaturthi 
Dussehra Or Durga Puja 
Diwali or Deepavali 
Konkani Festival in Goa
Konkani Drama Festival 
Other Popular Festivals of Goa

Pop, Beat and Jazz Music Festival 
Beach Bonanza 
Goa Heritage Festival
Tiatr Festival 
Goa Food and Cultural Festival 
Nightclubs And Partying
Goa is compared to the city that ever sleeps. This is because of the kind of lifestyle that Goa has. The people of Goa have a variable thinking and above all the tourists that visit Goa are mainly here to have a good time. Going to Goa and not visiting the bars and the nightclubs in Goa would be indeed a waste. Nowadays there are a lot of bars and lounges that can actually help one drift away for sometime. Lounges are what people are interested in nowadays. A place where a person can sit comfortably and sip on his drink is what is necessary.

The number of nightclubs and bars in Goa are innumerable.To choose a bar and nightclub in Goa wherein you can relax is necessary. Going to the Adega Camoens or the Club TiTos maybe a good idea. The club or the bar that you're heading for should suit your mood. Some may not like the trance that is played in some of the hotels and clubs. The Club Cabana and Paradisio Nightclub are open 365 days a year. Hence heading to such a place where you can find the ultimate fun and good music with the combination of food and drinks can be effective. The Party Zone Disco is another discotheque wherein one can find rave parties and trance trips happening. The party goer that the person is, making a choice to party at a place that is the most suitable for you is the best option. 

Few Clubs include

Adega Camoens, Goa
Club TITO'S, Goa
Aqua Lounge, Goa
Party Zone Disco, Goa
Hill Top Club, Goa
Paradisio Nightclub, Goa
Club Cubana, Goa


Goa, being in the tropical zone and near the Arabian Sea, has a hot and humid climate for most of the year. The month of May is the hottest, seeing day temperatures of over 35 ° with high humidity. The monsoon rains arrive by early June and provide a much needed respite from the heat. Most of Goa's annual rainfall is received through the monsoons which last till late September. 
Goa has a short winter season between mid-December and February. These months are marked by nights of around 21 °C and days of around 28 °C with moderate amounts of humidity.

Getting There

By Plane

Dabolim Airport is located near the village of Dabolim and Vasco da Gama. This is the only airport in the state. 

There are domestic flights to almost every major town in India and international flights to Dubai, Frankfurt, Kuwait, London, Manchester, Oslo, Stockholm, Gothenburg, Colombo,Birmingham and Moscow. The majority of international flights are handled by Indian Flights. 

By Train

The Konkan Railway, the main train line running through Goa, connects Goa with Mumbai to the north, and with Mangalore to the south. Its main train station in Goa is Madgaon station in Margao.

Train bookings are best made at Margao’s Madgaon station, at the train reservation office at Panaji’s Kadamba bus stand or at any travel agent selling train tickets (though you’ll probably pay a small commission for the convenience). Make sure you book as far in advance as possible for sleepers, since they fill up quickly.

Other smaller, useful Goan railway stations include Pernem for Arambol, Thivim for Mapusa and the northern beaches, Karmali (Old Goa) for Panaji and Canacona for Palolem.

By Bus

India has a comprehensive and extensive public bus system, but most state-run vehicles are decrepit and overcrowded. From neighbouring states you’ll find frequent bus services into Goa. There are also plenty of private bus companies running into Goa from Mumbai, Pune, Bengaluru (Bangalore), Mangalore and other interstate cities. These are more expensive, but faster and more comfortable, with reclining seats and options of AC or even ‘sleeper’ class. 

Getting Around

Motorcycle/ 2 Wheelers bikes

Getting around Goa by scooter or motorcycle is probably the most popular form of transport, both for locals and tourists. If you plan to spend most of your time lying on the beach you may have little use for a motorcycle, but if you’ve the urge to explore even slightly far afield, you’ll soon find it’s a hassle without your own transport. The freedom, therefore, that a motorcycle affords is hard to beat.

Motorcycle / Bike Hire

An international driving permit is  mandatory, it’s wise to bring along the drive. The first thing a policeman will want to see if he stops you is your licence.

Hiring a motorcycle in Goa is easy.

If you leave the state, you may need to produce original documents for the vehicle you are driving or riding. If you want to go further afield from Goa, you need to hire from a licensed agency to stay within the law.

Outside of the high season you can get a scooter for as little as Rs250 per day.

Make absolutely sure that you agree with the owner about the price. Clarify whether one day is 24 hours, and that you won’t be asked to pay extra for keeping it overnight. You may be asked to pay cash up front (which is fair, given that they’re handing over their motorbike), but get a written receipt of some sort to that effect. Also try to take down the phone number of the owner, or his mechanic, in case something goes wrong with the bike.

It makes sense to check the bike over before you hire it and make a note of any damage or broken parts, so that you’re not blamed for it later. Make sure breakes, lights and all essential horn are working. You can manage without a petrol gauge but it’s nice when it works. 


Goa offers a variety of foods from all over the world to try along with its local cuisine. Goa is well known for its lip smacking variety of seafood. Along with the traditional Goan food, you can find numerous fast food joints, serving western and Chinese food, at most of the tourist destinations, cities and towns in Goa. 

Goan food is a mixture of Portugal, continental and Indian flavors. This unique blend of cooking styles is what makes the Goan foods stand out. There is an endless variety of seafood to choose from which includes prawns, lobsters, shrimps, exotic fish species, crabs, clams and oysters. For vegetarians, there are a large variety of vegetarian foods to choose from. Rice and curry is a popular vegetarian dish among the locals and is known for its hot and spicy taste.

Goa also has a number of fast food corners to choose from.You can easily spot fast food joints like Domino's, Barista, Caffe Coffe Day etc in major cities and towns of Goa. Food is incomplete without drinks and Goa offers a variety of drinks to choose from. The most popular and readily available drink is the "Feni" which is an alcoholic drink, like beer. One should take it in moderation as it tends to react very fast and can get you drunk in no time. Apart from that, one can get the best beer and the finest wines in Goa.

Most beaches have shacks that serve surprisingly delicious meals, specially sea-food and they'll usually consult you to see how you like your food. Don't miss the shack eating experience.



One of the most famous and popular drinks that Goa is actually synonymous with is theFeni. Also known as the Fenny, this Goan drink can get a person drunk in no time. This Indian liquor is of two types - Cashew Feni and Coconut Feni. While coconut Feni is made by fermenting the fruit of the Cashew tree, coconut Feni is made from the juice of toddy plants. The Goan Fenny is usually considered to be superior compared to all other types of Fenny. The Feni drink of Goa is a must try if you are visiting Goa anytime.

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